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Future of Public Leadership: The Role of Youth in Democracy & Governance


Youth play a vital role in democracy and governance, as they are the future leaders and decision-makers of a country. They bring fresh perspectives, new ideas, and energy to the political process. Therefore, it is important to involve young people in decision-making processes and civic engagement activities to ensure that their voices are heard and their needs are met. This can lead to increased voter turnout, improved governance, and a more inclusive and responsive political system. One of the main ways that youth can participate in democracy and governance is through voting. Young people have the right to vote and it is crucial that they exercise this right to have a say in the political decisions that affect their lives. However, voter turnout among youth is often low, which is why it is important to educate and engage young people in the political process. This can be done through voter education campaigns, encouraging youth to register to vote, and providing them with information on the candidates and issues on the ballot.
Another way that youth can participate in democracy and governance is through civic engagement activities. This can include volunteering in political campaigns, joining community organizations, or participating in public demonstrations. Civic engagement allows young people to learn about the political process, become informed about issues that are important to them, and have a say in the decisions that affect their lives. Additionally, civic engagement can help to build the leadership and civic skills of young people, which can be beneficial for them in their future careers. Youth can also participate in democracy and governance through youth-led organizations. These organizations provide a platform for young people to voice their opinions, advocate for their rights, and participate in decision-making processes. They also provide young people with leadership opportunities, which can be beneficial for their future careers. Additionally, youth-led organizations can play an important role in promoting peace and stability in a country, as they can provide a space for young people to express themselves and channel their energy in constructive ways. Another way to involve youth in democracy and governance is through youth representation in government. This can be done through youth councils, youth advisors, or youth representatives in parliament. These mechanisms ensure that young people's voices are heard at the highest levels of government, and that their needs are taken into account when decisions are made. Additionally, having young people represented in government can lead to policies and programs that are more responsive to the needs of young people. Empowering youth to become active citizens and leaders can also contribute to sustainable development.

Young people are often at the forefront of innovative ideas and solutions for sustainable development, and are well-positioned to advocate for policies and practices that promote sustainable development. Additionally, by engaging young people in decision-making processes and fostering their leadership skills, we can ensure that future leaders will be well-equipped to tackle the challenges of sustainable development. In conclusion, youth play an important role in democracy and governance. Involving young people in decision-making processes and civic engagement activities helps to ensure that their voices are heard and their needs are met. This can lead to increased voter turnout, improved governance, and a more inclusive and responsive political system. Additionally, empowering youth to become active citizens and leaders can help to promote peace and stability in a country, as well as contribute to sustainable development. It is important to continue to work towards increasing youth participation in democracy and governance and to provide them with the necessary tools and opportunities to become active and engaged citizens.

Global Perspective: Youth in Democracy & Governance


A global perspective on youth participation in democracy highlights the challenges and opportunities that young people face in different regions of the world. According to data from the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), the global median voter turnout for people aged 18-24 is around 20% lower than for those aged 25 and older. This suggests that youth voter turnout is generally lower than that of older adults. However, there are variations between countries, and some have significantly higher youth voter turnout than others. For example, in countries like Brazil and Australia, youth voter turnout is relatively high, while in countries like Japan and South Korea, it is relatively low. In terms of civic engagement, a study by the World Bank found that young people in developing countries are less likely to participate in civic and political activities than those in developed countries. This is due to a lack of opportunities and resources, as well as a lack of trust in institutions and political leaders. In addition, young people in conflict-affected countries are also less likely to participate in civic and political activities due to violence, displacement, and other forms of disruption to their daily lives. When it comes to representation, youth representation varies widely across the globe. In some countries, youth are well-represented in politics and decision-making bodies, while in others, their voices are underrepresented.

A report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) found that youth representation in parliament ranges from 0% in some countries to over 40% in others. Countries like Tunisia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom have relatively high levels of youth representation, while countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Vietnam have relatively low levels. In conclusion, youth participation in democracy is an ongoing challenge globally. While voter turnout, civic engagement, and representation vary widely between countries, overall, youth tend to have less participation in democracy than older adults. Addressing these challenges and increasing youth participation in democracy would not only benefit young people themselves but also contribute to more inclusive, responsive, and sustainable democracies.

India’s: Youth in Democracy & Governance


In India, youth participation in democracy is a significant issue as the country has a large youth population. According to data from the Election Commission of India, the voter turnout among young people aged 18-25 is generally lower than that of older age groups. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the voter turnout among this age group was around 46%, compared to around 67% for those aged 26 and above. In terms of civic engagement, a study by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) found that young people in India are relatively less likely to participate in political activities compared to older adults. The study found that only around 18% of young people aged 18-25 had participated in political activities in the past year, compared to around 27% of those aged 26 and above. In terms of representation, youth representation in Indian politics is relatively low. According to data from the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), only around 14% of candidates contesting the 2019 Lok Sabha elections were aged between 25 and 40 years old. This suggests that young people are underrepresented in the Indian political system. However, recent years have seen an increase in youth engagement in politics, both at grass root and national level, through various means such as social media, student movements, and youth-led political parties. The participation of youth in the protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC) in 2019-2020, and the farmers' protest in 2020-2021, are examples of how young Indians are taking an active role in shaping the political discourse of the country. The increasing participation of youth in political and social issues shows their growing awareness and willingness to participate in the democratic process. In conclusion, youth participation in democracy in India is a concern as voter turnout, civic engagement and representation among young people are generally lower than older age groups. While there is a need to increase youth participation in democracy, recent trends show that there is a growing engagement of youth in politics, which could lead to a more inclusive and responsive political system in the future.


Future of Youth in Democracy & Governance:


The future of youth democracy and governance is likely to be shaped by a number of factors, including advances in technology, changing demographic trends, and evolving social and political contexts.

Some possible trends include:

· Increased use of technology: As technology continues to advance, young people are likely to play an increasingly important role in shaping the way that democracy and governance are conducted. This could include the use of digital platforms for political engagement and decision-making, as well as the use of new technologies such as blockchain and artificial intelligence to improve transparency and accountability in government.
· Greater focus on youth-led movements and campaigns: Young people are increasingly taking the lead in shaping political and social change, with movements such as Fridays for Future and Black Lives Matter gaining global attention. Expect to see more youth-led campaigns that address issues that are important to young people, such as climate change, inequality, and social justice.
· Changes in demographic patterns: As the population continues to age, young people are likely to play an increasingly important role in shaping the future of democracy and governance. With a growing youth population in many countries, there will be more pressure on governments to address the needs and concerns of young people, and to provide them with the resources and support they need to participate in democracy and governance.
· Greater emphasis on participatory governance: As young people become more politically active, there is likely to be a greater emphasis on participatory governance, with more opportunities for citizens to have a direct say in decision-making. This could include the use of citizen juries, participatory budgeting, and other forms of citizen engagement.
· Greater focus on global governance: With the increasing interconnectedness of the world, young people are likely to play an increasingly important role in shaping global governance and addressing global challenges such as climate change, migration, and inequality. Expect to see more young people participating in international organizations and forums, and working to promote global cooperation and understanding.
· Greater focus on sustainable development: As the world faces growing environmental and social challenges, there will be a greater emphasis on sustainable development and the need to build resilient and inclusive communities. Expect to see more young people working to promote sustainable development and to address the needs of vulnerable and marginalized communities.
· Greater focus on inclusivity: As societies become more diverse and inclusive, young people will play an important role in shaping the future of democracy and governance. Expect to see more young people promoting diversity and inclusion, and working to ensure that all voices are heard in decision-making. It is important to note that these trends are not set in stone, and that the future of youth democracy and governance is likely to be shaped by a complex set of factors that are difficult to predict. However, by understanding these trends and working to address the challenges that young people face in participating in democracy and governance, we can create a more inclusive and equitable future for all.

In conclusion, youth play a critical role in democracy and governance, and their participation is crucial to the health and sustainability of democratic systems. Young people bring energy, creativity, and a unique perspective to the political process, and their engagement and involvement can help to ensure that all voices are heard and that the needs and concerns of citizens are addressed.
However, many young people face barriers that prevent them from participating fully in the political process, including lack of information and resources, low political engagement, and disillusionment with the political process. To address these challenges, it is important to provide young people with the resources and support they need to participate effectively, such as education and resources, opportunities for engagement and leadership, and protection of their voting rights.
By promoting youth participation in democracy and governance, we can help to ensure that the voices of young people are heard and that the future of our communities and our world is shaped by a diverse and representative group of leaders and decision-makers. The future of democracy and governance depends on the active and engaged involvement of young people, and it is up to all of us to support and empower them in this important work.
However, despite the importance of youth engagement, many young people face barriers that prevent them from participating fully in the political process. These barriers include lack of information and resources, low political engagement, and disillusionment with the political process. To overcome these challenges, it is necessary to create an environment that encourages and supports youth participation.

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